The Keratoconus is a degenerative eye disease that results in loss of the curvature of the cornea which takes the shape of a cone.
The Keratoconus can cause distortion of vision, leading to multiple images, streaking and hyper-sensitivity to light. This disease affects less than one in two thousand people (recognized as a rare disease) and seems to affect all categories of the population in the world.
The treatment of keratoconus is usually done in several stages:
Glasses or soft lenses (light Keratoconus)
When keratoconus is mild, often early in its development, glasses or soft contact lenses will correct vision. As it evolves, its shape becomes more and more irregular, glasses and soft lenses are no longer sufficient for adequate vision correction.
Rigid lenses (Keratoconus light)
The rigid lenses are gas permeable and can become a second solution to the treatment of keratoconus. They must be adjusted very carefully. As keratoconus evolves, it will be necessary to carry out regular monitoring in order to adapt the lenses according to the progression of vision.
Cross-Linking (Medium Keratoconus)
The Corneal Cross-Linking (CXL) is a new treatment to halt the progression of keratoconus. It can be summed up in 4 steps:
- Instillation of anesthetic eye drops
- Abrasion of the epithelium
- Application of Riboflavin
- UV-A irradiation (several minutes)
This method increases the collagen bonds in the cornea, which improves the stiffness of the eye. You can visit website for the detail information regarding the same.
Corneal rings (Keratoconus medium)
Intracorneal arches are specific implants that are inserted under the surface of the cornea by surgery. They have the ability to reshape the structure of the cornea, which creates a more natural dome shape and improves the patient’s vision.
Cornea transplant (important Keratoconus)
For the most advanced keratoconus, keratoplasty (corneal transplant) may be necessary. This surgical procedure replaces the affected cornea with keratoconus with tissue from a donor with good eye health.