Cardiology is the study of the heart and a branch of internal medicine. She deals with the structure of the heart, its function, the detection of heart diseases and their treatment. Whenever a heart disease is suspected, your family doctor will refer you to a cardiologist, a heart specialist, for further diagnostics. Or you will meet a specialist in the hospital for the first time when you need treatment there for an acute heart emergency.
What is cardiology about?
The term cardiology is protected in Wisconsin. A doctor may only call himself a cardiologist after having successfully completed further training in the field of cardiology. Among other things, he is familiar with the treatment of the following typical cardiovascular diseases:
- High blood pressure
- Cardiac arrhythmias
- Inflammation of the heart muscle
- Valvular heart disease
- Heart failure
- Heart attack
The cardiologists also provides information on preventive measures. Since stress, lack of exercise and obesity are risk factors for heart disease, it is important to counteract them in good time. This can be achieved with moderate exercise, among other things. The specialist can recommend suitable sports according to your fitness level and age that you can check at cardiocarellc.com.
What does a cardiologist do?
What exactly a cardiologist does depends on which examination results are already available and what suspicions arise from the anamnesis (discussion with the doctor about the medical history). Because before the physical examination takes place in the cardiology, the heart specialist will ask you about your current symptoms. Not only the frequency and severity of the symptoms are of interest, but also whether there are risk factors for the heart from smoking, high cholesterol levels, obesity or lack of exercise and whether heart problems (high blood pressure, stroke or heart attack) are known within the family. In addition, the cardiologist asks about previous illnesses, existing illnesses and their treatment. For example, an infection that has not been cured can damage the heart or cancer therapy can have negative effects on the heart muscle.